Dudhwa was classified as a wild life sanctuary in 1958, a national park in 1977, and then as a tiger reserve in 1988. Located on the India-Nepal border at the foothills of the Himalayas, the protected area covers approximately 2,200 km2 with a core area of 1,100 km2. Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuaries, along with the forests of Shahjahanpur, North Kheri and South Kheri Forest Divisions are together classified as Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
A rich biodiversity of flora and fauna exists within this range including mega-fauna such as the Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, leopard and one-horned rhino (following a successful re-introduction program), 5 species of deer, over 423 species of birds and endangered Gharial and river dolphins within the Katarniaghat site. Additionally, the reserve is connected to important wildlife parks in Nepal including Bardia, Banke and Shukhaphanta National Parks.
However, due to its proximity to the border and growing tiger population, Dudhwa has become the target of poachers and illegal wildlife traders. Additionally, a large population of forest dependent communities puts great pressure on the forests.

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